Comprehension Practice Set 4
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
Self-directed learning, in its broadest meaning, describes a process in which individuals take the initiative with or without the help of others, in diagnosing their learning needs formulation learning goals, identifying resources for learning, choosing and mplementing learning strategies and evaluating learning outcomes. Thus it is important to attain new knowledge easily and skillfully for the rest of his or her life.
What is the need for self-directed learning? One reason is that there is convincing evidence that people, who take the initiative in learning, learn more things and learn better than people who sit at the feet of teachers passively waiting to be taught. The second reason is that self-directed learning is more in tune with our natural processes of psychological development; an essential aspect of maturing is developing the ability to take increasing responsibility of our own lives to become increasingly self-directed.
The third reason is that many of the new developments in education put a heavy responsibility on the learners to take a good deal of initiative in their own learning. To meet the challenges in today's instructive environment, self-directed learning is most essential.
1. In self-directed learning, an individual:
(a) takes initiative with or without the help of others
(b) is passive and waits for directions
(c) is helpless and dependent
(d) takes initiative, without an objective
Ans : (a)
2. There is need for self-directed learning because:
(a) it is less challenging
(b) it helps people to learn more things and learn better
(c) it is a more cost-effective method
(d) it is a modern method of learning
Ans : (b)
3. Which word best describes self-directed learning?
(a) Active learning
(b) Passive learning
(c) Compulsory learning
(d) Repulsive learning
Ans : (a)
4. The modern environment according to the author is:
(c) less developed
Ans : (b)
5. The synonym of the word 'diagnosing' is:
Ans : (c)