The President of India
The President of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister with the help of the Council of Ministers. The Indian constitution accords with the president, the responsibility and authority to defend and protect the Constitution of India and its rule of law.
Election of the President of India:
Article 58 of the constitution sets the principal qualifications one must meet to be eligible to the office of the president. A President must be:
Article 54 of the constitution says: “The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of – The elected members of both Houses of Parliament and The elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States (including National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Pondicherry vide the Constitution 70th amendment Act, 1992).”
STEP 1: Nomination
The President can declare three types of emergencies: national, state and financial, under articles 352, 356 & 360 in addition to promulgating ordinances under article 123.