Geography - Latitudes and Longitudes
What do you mean by latitude and longitude?
Latitude and longitude are imaginary (unreal) lines drawn on maps to easily locate places on the Earth.
Latitude is distance north or south of the equator (an imaginary circle around the Earth halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole).
Equator is an imaginary line perpendicular to this axis. It is equidistant from the North and South poles, and divides the globe into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.The Equator represents 0° latitude, while the North and South Poles represent 90° North and 90° South latitudes.
In addition to the Equator, there are four other major latitudes that are usually found on maps and globes:
Longitude (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.