Directions: In question nos. 1 to 10, Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate circle in the Answer Sheet.
The recent change to all-volunteer armed forces in the United States will eventually produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women in the armed force and in the variety of women's assignments, but probably not the dramatic gains for women that might have been expected. This is so even though the armed force operate in an ethos of institutional change oriented toward occupational equality and under the federal sanction of equal pay for equal work. The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operations. A significant portion of the large society remains uncomfortable as yet with extending equality in this direction. Therefore, for women in the military, the search search for equality will still be based on functional equivalence, not identity or even similarity of task. Opportunities seem certain to arise. The growing emphasis on deterrence is bound to offer increasing scope for women to become involved in novel types of noncombat military assignments.
1. It can be inferred from the passage that after the recent change
(a) Some join willingly, some are forced.
(b) Everyone joins the military under compulsion.
(c) Men are forced, women join willingly.
(d) Everyone joins the military willingly.
(a) present the new United States all-volunteer armed force as a model case of equal employment policies in action.
(b) present an overview of the different types of assignments available to women
(c) analyze reforms in the new United States all-volunteer armed forces necessitated by the increasing number of women in the military.
(d) present a reasoned prognosis of the status of women in the new United States all volunteer armed forces.
3. A suitable title for the passage might be
(a) Current status of women in US navy.
(b) Current status of women in US teaching services.
(c) Current status of women in US airforce.
(d) Current status of women in US military.
4. Which of the following is closest in sense of the word 'novel' used in the passage ?
5. The 'dramatic gains for women' and change in the attitude of a 'significant portion of the larger society' are logically related to each other in as much as the author puts forward the latter as
(a) a reason for some of the former being lost again.
(b) a public response to achievements of the former.
(c) the major reason for absence of the former
(d) a pre condition for any prospect of achieving the former.
6. The passage implies which of the following is a factor conducive to a more equitable representation of women in the United States armed forces than has existed in the past?
(a) The level of awareness on the part of the larger society of military issues.
(b) The past services records of women who had assignments functionally equivalent to men's assignments.
(c) An increased decline in the proportion of deterrence oriented non combat assignments.
(d) The all-volunteer character of the present armed forces.
7. It can be inferred from the passage that
(a) The society encourages increased participation of women in direct combat.
(b) The Government sanctions equal pay for equal work.
(c) The change to all-volunteer armed forces took place many year ago.
(d) Opportunities for women in military are certain to decline.
8. According to the passage, despite the united States armed forces commitment to occupational equality for women in the military, certain other factors preclude women
(a) drawing assignments from a wider range of assignments than before.
(b) being assigned all of the military task that are assigned to men.
(c) receiving equal pay for equal work
(d) having access to positions of responsibility
9. The word 'opportunities' used in the passage may be replaced by all except
10. Which sentence is an incorrect one?
(a) The difficulty is that women are likely to be trained for any direct combat operation.
(b) The recent change to all voluntary armed forces in US will produce a gradual increase in the proportion of women.
(c) The difficulty is that women are unlikely to be trained for any direct combat operation.
(d) Opportunities seem certain to arise.
Directions: In Question nos. 11 to 15, in the following passage some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer to each question out of the four alternatives and fill in the blanks.
While threatening the .....(i)..... of universal values, the campaign to spread democracy will not succeed. The twentieth century .....(ii)..... that states could not simply remake the world or abbreviate historical transformations. Nor can they easily effect social change by transferring institutions ......(iii)...... borders. Even within the ranks of territorial nation-states, the conditions for ......(iv)...... democratic government are rare: an existing state enjoying legitimacy, consent, and the ability to mediate conflicts between groups. Without such consensus, there is no single sovereign 'people' and therefore no ......(v)...... for arithmetical majorities.
11. (i) = ?
12. (ii) = ?
13. (iii) = ?
14. (iv) = ?
15. (v) = ?