1. How many words are there in Indian Constitution?
Answer: There are 117,369 words in its English language version.
Answer: The Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.
3. Who is the author of Indian Constitution?
Answer: There is no one person who has written the Constitution of India. Normally, the credit for drafting the Constitution is given to Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as he was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly.
4. How many articles are in the Constitution of India?
Answer: At present there are 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments in the Indian Constitution. As compared to when it was written it had, 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of commencement.
5. Who is the constitutional head of India?
Answer: The constitutional head of the Executive of the Union is the President.
6. Who is known as the Father of Indian Constitution?
Answer: Dr. BR Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was the Architect of the Indian Constitution.
7. When were the amendments passed?
Answer: Synopsis of each ratified amendment
No. Date submitted for Ratification Date ratification completed
9th September 25, 1789 December 15, 1791
10th September 25, 1789 December 15, 1791
11th March 4, 1794 February 7, 1795
12th December 9, 1803 June 15, 1804
8. How many fundamental rights are guaranteed by the Constitution of India?
Answer: The Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) right to equality, (ii) right to freedom, (iii) right against exploitation, (iv) right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies.
9. When did India become a fully sovereign democratic republic?
Answer: India became a sovereign, democratic, republic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950
10. How does the Indian government work?
Answer: Well Indian government system works with the help of Parliament and central cabinet. Cabinet under the leadership of Prime Minister prepares the development and welfare programs of the government the form of bills and introduces them in both houses of Parliament for the approval.
11. What is preamble of the Constitution?
Answer: We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of ...
12. Who was the permanent president of the Constituent Assembly?
Answer: The first historical session of Indian Constituent Assembly held its meeting on 9th December, 1946 under the chairmanship of Dr. Sachidananda Sinha. On 11th December, it elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as its permanent president.
13. When was Indian Independence Act passed, by whom and on the basis of what plan?
Answer: The Indian Independence Act was passed by the British Parliament on 5th July in 1947. This act was passed to give effect to the Mountbatten plan creating the two independent states of India and Pakistan.
14. What were the options before the Indian native states in the Indian Independence Act?
Answer: The Indian Independence Act gave three options to the Indian native states—(1) to join India—(2) to join Pakistan—(3) to remain Independent.
15. According to the Preamble India is what kind of state?
Answer: According to the original preamble India is a Sovereign, Democratic Republic. By 42nd amendment of the constitution India is made also a Socialist and Secular state.
16. Which State of the Indian Union has a separate Constitution?
Answer. The state of Jammu and Kashmir has a separate constitution.
17. What is the importance of Arts 370 of the Constitution?
Answer: This Art gives the state of Jammu & Kashmir a separate constitutional status. Laws passed by the Indian Parliament apply to Jammu & Kashmir if they are accepted by the J. K. legislature.
18. What is the necessity of the Preamble?
Answer: The preamble is like an introduction to the constitution. The courts use the preamble to clarify: the meaning of the Law whenever there is an ambiguity.
19. When was the Indian Citizenship Act passed?
Answer: Indian Citizenship Act was passed in 1955.
20. Into how many categories are the Indian citizens divided?
Answer: Indian citizens are divided into two categories—citizens by birth and citizens by adoption.
21. What are the provisions of the Indian Constitution regarding integration or creation of new states?
Answer: The Indian Parliament by Acts passed that it can integrate new states into India or can create new states out of the territory of an existing state or state.
22. What are principal duties of the Indian Citizens?
Answer: Obeying the constitution, showing respect to the national flag and the national anthem, defending India’s sovereignty, integrity, and unity protecting national properties and upholding India's glorious mixed culture and also showing respect to woman are the principal duties of the Indian citizens.
23. When were the duties of the citizens added to the Constitution?
Answer: Ten duties of the Indian citizens have been added to the constitution by the 42nd amendment to the constitution.
24. What directive is based on a Gandhian ideal?
Answer: Art. 45 of the constitution directs the state to promote and foster Panchayeti Raj in India.
25. What is the other name of India given in the Constitution and in what Art.?
Answer: India is also called Bharat in Art.1 of the constitution.
26. Through how many lists powers have been distributed between the Union and the States in India? Name them.
Answer: The Indian constitution distributes powers between the union and the states through three lists, the Union list, the State list and the Concurrent list.
27. Name four important subjects in the Union list?
Answer: Defence, Foreign relations, Citizenship and Banking are four important subjects in the Union list.
28. Name four important subjects in State list?
Answer: (i) Land Revenue, (ii) Law and order, (iii) Local government, (iv) Education up to the secondary level.
29. Mention four subjects on which the state government may impose taxes.
Answer: The state government may realize (i) sales tax, (ii) land revenue, (iii) amusement tax and taxes on (iv) transportations.
30. What is meant by residual powers?
Answer: In a federal constitution powers not mentioned in any list of powers given to the centre or the states is known as the residual power. In India the residuary belongs to the union government.