Megasthenes was a Greek Ambassador sent by Selecus Nikator to the court of Chandragupta Maurya. He wrote an interesting book 'Indica' in which he gave a vivid account of Chandragupta Maurya's reign.
During the reign of Chandragupta - II, the celebrated Chinese pilgrim Fahien visited India. The main objective of Fahien's mission to India was to secure copies of Buddhist manuscripts. He visited Peshawar, Mathura, Kanauj, Sravasti, Kapilavastu, Kushinagara, Vaishali, Pataliputra, Kasi, Gaya and Bodhgaya among other places. He spent three years at Pataliputra and two at Tamralipti. He gives inetresting information about the life of the people and the general condition of the country.
3. Hiuen-Tsang (China) (630-645 AD):
Hiuen-Tsang is a Foreign Envoy who visited India during the time of Harshavardhana.
He Reached India through Tashkent and Swat Valley
He wrote his experiences in his book Si-yu-ki or the ‘Records of Western World .
4. I-tsing (671-695 AD):
I-tsing was a Chinese traveler, he visited India in connection with Buddhism.
5. Al-Masudi (957 AD):
Al-Masudi was An Arab traveler, he explained about India in his book Muruj-ul-Zehab.
6. Al-beruni (Parsia) (1024-1030 AD):
Al-beruni is a Foreign Envoy who visited India along with Ghazni at the time of his Indian raids.
Al-beruni is the first muslim scholar who studied Inida.
He travelled all over India .
He popularly known as Founder of Indology.
His famous book was ‘Tahqiq-i-Hind’ which explains about India.
7. Marco Polo (1292-1294 AD):
Marco Polo was a Foreign Envoy and Venetian traveler
In 1294 A.D. he visited South India.
Marco Polo visited Rudramadevi’s Kakatiya dynasty.
H is very popular to travel through number of eastern countries.
He wrote his experiences in his book ‘The Book of Sir Marco Polo’.
This book explains the economic history of India.
8. Ibn Batuta (1333-1347 AD):
Ibn Batuta was A Morrish traveler, he wrote the book ‘Rehla’ (The Travelogue).
In his book he explained the dynasty of Muhammad-bin-Thuglak and also the economical, social and geographical status of his time.
9. William Hawkins (1608-1611 AD):
William Hawkins was an ambassador of British King James I.
He sent him to court of Jahangir the Mughal Emperor (1609).
10. Nicolo Conti (1420-1421 AD):
Nicolo Conti was A Venetian tourist.
He visited India at the time of Devaraya I of Vijayanagar empire (Sangam dynasty).
11. Sir Thomas Roe (British) (1615-1619 AD):
He was an ambassador of James I (The King of England) at the court of Jahangir.