Comprehension Practice Set
From SSC CGL Tier I Exam 2014
Test Form No - 055NJ6 (Passage - I)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
By the mid-nineteenth century, mass production of paper patterns, the emergency of the home sewing machine, and the convenience of mail order catalogues brought fashionable clothing into the American home. By the early twentieth century, home economists working in extension and outreach programmes taught women how to use paper patterns to improve the fit and efficiency of new garments as well as how to update existing ones.
Teachers of home economics traditionally made home sewing a critical part of their curriculum, emphasizing self-sufficiency and resourcefulness for young women. However, with the increasing availability of mass-produced clothing in catalogues and department stores, more and more women preferred buying garments to making them. As a result, home economists shifted their attention to consumer education.
Through field study, analysis and research, they became experts on the purchase and preservation of ready-to-wear clothing for the family, offering budgeting instruction targeted at adolescent girls. Modern home sewing made it possible for American women to transcend their economic differences and geographic locations with clothing that was increasingly standardized. The democratization of fashion continued through the twentieth century as the ready-to-wear market expanded and home sewing became more a pastime than a necessity.
1. What were the skills that were emphasized for young women ?
(a) Self confidence and self-esteem
(b) Self-sufficiency and resourcefulness
(c) Resourcefulness and self-confidence
(d) Prudence and resourcefulness
2. Who became expert on the purchase and preservation of ready-to-wear clothing for the family ?
(a) Owners of department stores
(b) Field-study analysts
(c) Young women
(d) Teachers of home economics
3. Who was the target group ?
(a) Young women
(b) Young girls
(c) Adolescent girls
(d) Working women
4. How did home sewing help American women ?
(a) They became field analysts and researchers.
(b) They went beyond economic boundaries.
(c) They found good jobs.
(d) They became excellent teachers.
5. What improved the fit and efficiency of new garments ?
(a) Sewing machines
(c) Mass production
(d) Paper patterns