Comprehension Practice Set
From SSC CGL Tier I Exam 2014
Test Form No - 055NJ6 (Passage - I)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
Poverty can be defined as a social phenomenon in which a section of the society is unable to fulfill even its basic necessities of life. When a substantial segment of the society is deprived of the minimum level of living and continues at a bare subsistence level, that society is said to be plagued with mass poverty. The countries of the third world exhibit invariably the existence of mass poverty, although pockets of poverty exist even in the developed countries of Europe and America.
Attempts have been made in all societies to define poverty, but all of them are conditioned by the vision of minimum or good life obtaining in societies. For instance, the concept of poverty in the U.S.A. would be significantly different from that in India because the average man is able to afford a much higher level of living in the United States. There is an effort in all definitions of poverty to approach the average level of living in a society and as such these definitions reflect the coexistence of inequalities in a society and the extent to which different societies are prepared to tolerate them. For instance, in India, the generally accepted definition of poverty emphasizes minimum level of living rather than a reasonable level of living. This attitude is borne out of a realization that it would not be possible to provide even minimum quantum of basic needs for some decades and therefore, to talk about a reasonable level of living or good life may appear to be wishful thinking at the present stage. Thus, political considerations enter the definitions of poverty because programmes of of alleviating poverty may become prohibitive as the vision of a good life widens.
1. What is poverty according to the writer ?
(a) Ability to consider it as social phenomenon of a substantial segment of society.
(b) Inability of a society to provide the basic necessities of life.
(c) A political compulsion that dictates economic policies.
(d) A form of exhibition of subsistence living.
2. What conditions the various attempts to define poverty ?
(a) The definition of poverty in India
(b) The definition of poverty in the U.S.A.
(c) The vision of minimum or good life
(d) Political considerations
3. What do all definitions of poverty do ?
(a) Reflect coexistence of inequalities in society.
(b) Societies tolerance of inequalities.
(c) Approach the average level of living in a society.
(d) Minimum level of living in India.
4. Definition of poverty in India emphasizes minimum level of living because
(a) It is impossible at this stage to provide a reasonable quantum of living.
(b) Political considerations enter the definitions of poverty.
(c) There is a reasonable level of good living.
(d) Programmes of alleviation of poverty have been initiated.
5. Societies in the third world can be characterised as plagued by mass poverty, because
(a) Europe and America have pockets of poverty.
(b) Poverty is a mass social phenomenon.
(c) There is a wide variation in the definition of poverty.
(d) Societies living at a bare subsistence level.