Comprehension Practice Set
From CDS - II (2017)
Passages 1 and 2
Directions: After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
For many years, ship captains navigating the waters of Antarctica have been intrigued by sightings of emerald icebergs. Scientists have now explained their mystery. There icebergs are turned upside down. Icebergs are blocks of ice that have broken off huge slabs of frozen snow called ice shelves. Their green appearance results from sea water that has frozen at the bottom over hundreds of years. The frozen sea water has dissolved organic matter which gives it a yellow tone and the fresh water 'ice shelf' above has a blue tinge. When the iceberg turns upside down, it appears green through the visual mix of yellow with the blue from below.
1. What is the meaning of 'intrigued' ?
2. What are ice shelves ?
(a) They are huge pieces of chunks of ice
(b) They are frozen sea water
(c) They are pieces of ice which look like shelves
(d) They are huge pieces of ice which are very old
3. What are icebergs ?
(a) Huge chunks of ice floating on water
(b) Frozen sea water
(c) Green ice
(d) Green yellow water below and blue above
4. When the iceberg turns upside down, it appears
In its simple form, science has helped man to protect himself from Nature and to overcome natural obstacles to movement. But with the advance of science, a situation has arisen in which Nature need to be protected from man. He has used Nature's own gifts, not only of metal but even the human brain, to attack Nature. Forests are being destroyed not only to satisfy needs but to provide luxuries. The evil effects of deforestation are already making themselves clearly felt in climatic changes and soil erosion. Man has at last begun to learn that he has to protect if he wants nature to protect him.
5. The use of science in its simple form has helped man to
(a) do such things as building shelter and make carts, boats, etc.
(b) make bombs and missiles
(c) build factories using machinery
(d) make planes
6. Nature now needs to be protected from man because
(a) nature has become weak
(b) man is rapidly destroying Nature
(c) man is cruel to animals
(d) man has become irrational
7. Forests are being destroyed in order to
(a) provide land for agriculture
(b) provide wood for fuel
(c) kill dangerous animals
(d) provide necessities as well as needless comforts and pleasures
8. The evil effect of destroying Nature instead of using it is seen in
(a) the fall in production of our factories
(b) the fall in our standard of living
(c) the unfavourable changes in climate
(d) frequent occurrence of epidemics
9. Climatic changes and soil erosion are results of
(a) scientific developments
(b) nuclear explosion
(c) natural calamity
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