Comprehension Practice Set
From CDS - I (2016)
Passages 4, 5 and 6
Directions: After each passage, you will find some items based on the passage. First read a passage and answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
We are tempted to assume that technological progress is real progress and that material success is the criterion of civilisation. If the Eastern people become fascinated by machines and techniques and use them, as Western nations do, to build huge industrial organisations and large military establishments, they will get involved in power politics and drift into the danger of death. Scientific and technological civilisation brings great opportunities and great rewards, but also great risks and temptations. Science and technology are neither good nor bad. They are not to be tabooed but tamed and assigned their proper place. They become dangerous only if they become idols.
1. According to the author, people think that real progress lies in
(a) material success and technological growth
(b) imitating Western nations
(c) having large industries and political power
(d) taking risks and facing temptations
2. According to the author, science and technology should be
(a) tabooed and eliminated from life
(b) used in a controlled and careful manner
(c) encouraged and liberally used
(d) made compulsory in education
3. From the passage, one gathers that the Eastern people must
(a) appreciate scientific achievements
(b) build huge industrial organisations
(c) avoid being controlled by machines and techniques of industrial production
(d) be fascinated by machines
4. According to the author, science and technology are
(a) totally harmless
(b) extremely dangerous
(c) to be treated as idols
(d) useful, if they are not worshiped blindly
It is not luck but labour that makes men. Luck, says an American writer, is ever waiting for something to turn up; labour with keen eyes and strong will always turns up something. Luck lies in bed and wishes the postman would bring hims news of a legacy; labour turns out at six and with busy pen and ringing hammer lays the foundations of competence. Luck whines, labour watches. Luck relies on chance; labour on character. Luck slips downwards to self-indulgence; labour strides upwards and aspires to independence. The conviction, therefore, is extending that diligence is the mother of good luck; in other words, that a man's success in life will be proportionate to his efforts, to his industry, to his attention to small things.
5. Which one of the following statements sums up the meaning of the passage ?
(a) Luck waits without exertion but labour exerts without waiting.
(b) Luck waits and complains without working while labour achieves success although it complains.
(c) Luck often ends in defeat but labour produces luck.
(d) Luck is self-indulgent but labour is selfless.
6. Which one of the following statements is true about the passage ?
(a) Luck is necessary for success.
(b) Success depends on hard work and attention to details.
(c) Expectation of good luck always meets with disappointment.
(d) Success is exactly proportionate to hard work only.
7. "_______ labour turns out at six and with busy pen and ringing hammer lays the foundation of competence." This statement means
(a) hard work of all kinds makes people efficient and skilled
(b) the labour lays the foundation of the building
(c) the writer and the labourer are the true eyes of the society
(d) there is no worker who works so hard as the labourer who begins his day at six in the morning
The avowed purpose of the exact sciences is to establish complete intellectual control over experience in terms of precise rules which can be formally set out and empirically tested. Could that ideal be fully achieved, all truth and all error could henceforth be ascribed to an exact theory of the universe, while we who accept this theory would be relieved of any occasion for exercising our personal judgement. We should only have to follow the rules faithfully. Classical mechanics approaches this ideal so closely that it is often thought to have achieved it. But this leaves out of account the element of personal judgement involved in applying the formulae of mechanics to the facts of experience.
8. The purpose of the exact sciences is to
(a) form opinions about our experience
(b) formulate principles which will help us to exercise our personal judgement
(c) assert our intellectual superiority
(d) make formal and testable rules which can help verify experience
9. An exact theory of the universe is
(a) not desirable
(d) yet to be made
10. In exact sciences,
(a) personal judgements are set aside in favour of a mechanical theory
(b) one does not find answers to all questions and problems
(c) one reposes faith in actual experience
(d) one interprets the universe according to one's wish
11. Classical mechanics
(a) has formulated precise rules based on experience
(b) has gained intellectual control over the world
(c) has formulated an exact theory of the universe
(d) just falls short of achieving intellectual control over experience
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