Comprehension Practice Set 2
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
The nation is proud of its scientists and scholars, though, of course, many of them would reply that they doubt whether the nation cares for them at all. When asked why many of our best and brightest have gone abroad to make a living, they opine that this is because as a nation we have not cared for the talented and meritorious.
There is some truth in what they say. However, by and large, compared to the situation before independence, government assistance has provided a tremendous opportunity for higher education. If today Indian scientists, technologists and scholars in different fields are respected worldwide, it is because of the education system we have built up.
Our excellence is evident within the confines of the limited opportunities which are available for research and development in the universities and the national R and D laboratories. We believe and appeal that scientists, researchers and scholars should shed their pessimism. There are many reasons for it.
We know the problems they face, especially the younger ones and also those who are not in positions of power in these institutions, the so-called middle levels and the lower levels. We appeal to these people to think big, because they are the only ones who understand the force of technological modernization and the new energies that can be unleashed through technologies. They also have the capability to absorb the knowledge base which is growing at an explosive rate.
1. What is ironic about our pride in our scientists?
(a) They go abroad to make a living
(b) They are talented and meritorious
(c) They are held in high esteem
(d) The nation cares for them
2. What happens to our best scientists?
(a) They get government grants
(b) They don't get respectable jobs here
(c) They start teaching in colleges
(d) They start doing research
3. After independence how has the situation changed in India?
(a) The government is sending scientists abroad
(b) Our system of higher education has improved a lot
(c) Foreign scholars are teaching in our universities
(d) The scientists are given Padma awards
4. Our scientists have proved to be excellent even if :
(a) we have excellent research centres
(b) we offer them excellent opportunities
(c) we pay them well
(d) we offer them limited opportunities
5. The writer wants our scientists to:
(a) go abroad to make a living
(b) be pessimistic in their approach
(c) be optimistic in their attitude
(d) become part of the scientific community
6. Which one of the following is true?
(a) Our scientists are respected allover the world
(b) Our scientists are not talented
(c) We have the best research facilities in India
(d) We care for our scientists
7. The writer makes an appeal to:
(a) neither the middle nor lower level scientists
(b) the lower level scientists only
(c) the middle and lower level scientists
(d) the middle level scientists only
8. The phrase, 'at an explosive rate' means:
(a) at an abnormal speed
(b) with the help of an explosion
(c) at normal speed
(d) at a great speed
9. The word opposite in meaning to 'unleashed' is: