Comprehension Practice Set 1
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
My heart grieved when I read the other day a news item that more than two-thirds of the elderly are being ignored in their twilight years. They are isolated by their own children and are experiencing loneliness in their present lives. Most of them say they are not being respected or given good treatment by their family or society and they are being discriminated against in their old age. Majority of the elderly attributed their loneliness to no or little interaction with family members. With fast changing socio-economic scenarios, growing nuclear families and changing value systems, the needs of the elderly have also changed. The most common problems that the elderly face are marginalization, lack of love and affection from their loved ones, little or no access to medicines and healthcare, finding it difficult to secure their life and property. They have no work opportunities as a result of which they face financial problems. They suffer from restricted mobility and have psychological problems on account of loneliness.
To improve the situation for the elderly, the Government of India may consider enacting a law like many other countries have, to make it compulsory for children to maintain and look after their parents and also establish the National Commission for Elderly Persons. At the same time, the fact remains that the real compulsion has to come out of the bonds of affection between parents and children. We would not be wrong in saying that in India the joint-family system has made a powerful contribution in cementing the bonds of affection between the old and the young.
1. The twilight years are when one is–
(b) a young man
(d) a child
2. The elderly do not feel–
(c) discriminated against
3. What the elderly do not lack–
(a) is security of life and property
(b) are medicines and health care
(c) is loneliness in their lives
(d) are love and affection
4. Only …..can keep the old united with the family.
(b) government rules
(c) social compulsions
(d) joint-family system
5. Which of the following is false?
(a) The old love to live in extended families
(b) Most old people are financially secure
(c) The old are not very mobile
(d) One's needs change when one gets old
6. Which word in the passage means the same as 'saddened'?